Virginia’s forgotten civil rights warrior

Dale M. Brumfield
7 min readOct 25, 2019

A forgotten Black Virginian named Nathaniel Lee Hawthorne, known by friends as “Hawsie,” fearlessly fought for two decades of his adult life a dangerous and lonely battle for civil rights and social change in Southside Virginia, in an era when few if any blacks dared to resist the controlling white power structure.

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Dale M. Brumfield

Anti-death penalty advocate, cultural archaeologist, “American Grotesk” historyteller and author of 12 books. More at www.dalebrumfield.net.