The summer without children

In 1950 a small Virginia town was ground zero for polio

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Backdrop

Outbreak

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Genesis

Whites only

Response

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PR disaster, then praise

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Lee Hale, showing how he reads books in an iron lung

Aftermath

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Johnny Seccafico in 2002. Courtesy Roanoke.com

Written by

Anti-death penalty advocate, cultural archaeologist, “American Grotesk” historyteller and author of 11 books. More at www.dalebrumfield.net.

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